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Treaties

This page is used to navigate through the treaties passed by the Congress of the UnitedStates. Please note that any important treaties will be indicated by a star. You can locate the acts either by year or by topic. If you can't find something or have something to add, please email me . Thank you for choosing my US History Regents Review site.

Late 1700's

Treaty of Paris (1783)
Jay Treaty (1794)
Pinckney (San Lorenzo) Treaty (1795)

Early 1800's

Louisiana Purchase (1803)
Treaty of Ghent (1814)
Rush-Bagot Agreement (1818)
Convention of 1818 (1818)
Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)

Mid 1800's

Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842)
Oregon Treaty (1846)
Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty (1848)
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1850)
Gadsden Purchase (1853)







Treaty of Paris (1783)
Negotiated by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and Henry Laurens

  1. American Victory
  2. Recognized the United States of America as a republic
  3. Gave the US all the land below Canada
  4. British were to leave their forts in the American West

Index

Jay Treaty (1794)
Negotiated by John Jay

  1. Settle outstanding problems with British (violations in Treaty of Paris)

    1. British would leave the NW frontier
    2. Set up commission to set a border with Canada
    3. Payments of debts
      1. To Britain for prewar debts to merchants
      2. To America for illegal seizures of ships
      3. Granted Britain most favored nation status
      4. Failed to resolve issue of US trade in West Indies

Index

Pinckney (San Lorenzo) Treaty (1795)
Negotiated by Thomas Pinckney

  1. Offered by Spain to improve relations (dropping out of European war)
    1. Free navigation of the Mississippi
    2. Rite of Deposit in New Orleans
    3. Spain accepted the American version of the border for Florida

Index

Louisiana Purchase (1803)
Negotiated by Robert Livinston and James Monroe

  1. France offered the whole Louisiana territory to the US for $15 million
  2. Western boundary is the Rockies
    1. Popular in the US (besides Federalists and Thomas Jefferson)
    2. Doesn’t give boundaries with Canada or Mexico

Index

Treaty of Ghent (1814)
Negotiated by Henry Clay, John Quincy Adams, and Albert Gallatin

  1. Armistice (simply ended the fighting in the War of 1812)
    1. No land was surrendered
    2. Impressment wasn’t mentioned
    3. No border claims were settled
    4. Resulted in the status qua ante bellum

Index

Rush-Bagot Agreement (1818)
Negotiated by Richard Rush

  1. Demilitarization of the Great Lakes (American suggestion)
    1. Limited each country to 8 ships on the great lakes
    2. Joint occupation of Oregon for 10 years

Index

Convention of 1818 (1818)
Negotiated by John Quincy Adams

  1. Settled the boundary of the Louisiana Territory
    1. 49th parallel
    2. Joint settlement of Oregon for 10 years

Index

Adams-Onis (Transcontinental) Treaty (1819)
Negotiated by John Quincy Adams

  1. Settled Boundary of the Louisiana Territory and Gave Florida to the US
    1. The Boundary for Louisiana followed the major rivers in the area
    2. Gave up territory beyond the Rockies
    3. Gave Eastern Florida to the US
    4. US gave Spain $5 million

Index

Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842)
Negotiated by Daniel Webster

  1. Settled boundary between Maine and New Brunswick
    1. US conceded part of what they believed to be Maine
      1. Britain wanted to build a road
    2. Britain made concessions elsewhere to compensate

Index

Oregon Treaty (1846)
Negotiated by James Polk

  1. Divided Oregon along the 49th parallel

Index

Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty (1848)
Negotiated by Nicholas Trist

  1. Mexico conceded defeat to the US
    1. Mexico accepted the Rio Grande as the boundary of Texas
    2. Mexico ceded New Mexico and Upper California
    3. US paid Mexico $15 million
    4. US took on claims of US citizens against Mexico

Index

Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1850)
Negotiated by John Clayton

  1. Concerned the construction of a canal built across the Isthmus of Panama
    1. If a canal was built, neither the US or Britain would have sole rights to it
    2. Any part of Central America not colonized will not be colonized

Index

Gadsden Purchase (1853)
Negotiated by James Gadsden

  1. Purchase of a small strip of Mexican land
    1. US paid $10 million
    2. Mexico drops damages (done by Indians)

Index